- History Of The Christian Church Volume VIII : Modern Christianity, The Swiss Reformation
- 1911 The Wit and Humor of America Marshall P Wilder Volume X (10) Antique Book
- The Humor of America
- Other Illustrated Articles Relating to Japan
History Of The Christian Church Volume VIII : Modern Christianity, The Swiss Reformation
I shall as it is now rather out of season make but one short remark upon a passage in your letter of the 15th of Decr. The idle and foolish expressions of an individual does not by any means speak the sense of the body, and so far am I from believing that any number of them have views repugnant to the rights of citizens, that I firmly believe the contrary; but if I am mistaken, I can only say that the most distant lisp of it never reached my ears, and would meet with the severest checks if it did.
I have been honored with your Letter of the 17 of July, upon the case of Lt. This subject, on more mature consideration, appears to be involved in greater difficulty than I apprehended.
Hamilton, as being founded in principles of a just retaliation. But, upon examining the matter more minutely, and consulting with several intelligent General Officers, it seems to be their opinion, that Mr. Hamilton could not, according to the usage of war, after his capitulation even in the manner it was made, be subjected to any uncommon severity under that idea, and that the capitulation placed him upon a different footing from a mere prisoner at discretion. Whether it may be expedient to continue him in his present confinement from motives of policy, and to satisfy our people, is a question I cannot determine; but if it should, I would take the liberty to suggest, that it may be proper to publish all the cruelties he has committed or abetted, in a particular manner, and the evidence in support of the charges, that the World, holding his conduct in abhorrence, may feel and approve the justice of his fate.
Indeed, Edition: current; Page: [ 5 ] whatever may be the line of conduct towards him, this may be advisable. If, from the considerations I have mentioned, the rigor of his treatment is mitigated, yet he cannot claim of right upon any ground the extensive indulgence, which Genl. Phillips seems to expect for him; and I should not hesitate to withhold from him a thousand privileges I might allow to common prisoners.
He certainly merits a discrimination; and, altho the practice of war may not justify all the measures, that have been taken against him, he may unquestionably, without any breach of public faith or the least shadow of imputation, be confined to a Room. His safe custody will be an object of great importance. Every information which is in my power to give respecting the several queries contained in your letter of the 13th ulto. In what manner the person who makes you the offer of land derives his title, I am totally ignorant; but the several conveyances from the original patentee will, and only can speak to the validity of it.
If this is part of the land conveyed under a proclamation issued by the governor and council of Virginia, in the year , and has been properly transferred to the present proprietor, and the conditions of an act Edition: current; Page: [ 7 ] of assembly requiring certain improvements to be made in a limited period, have been complied with, or in other words, if no person has taken advantage of the non-compliance with this act, and petitioned for the land, the title must be good, because the land was offered by the executive powers of Virginia in whom sufficient authority was vested as a bounty to encourage an expedition then on foot against the encroachments of the French on the Ohio; and patents issued in legal form accordingly, after peace was restored to the frontiers.
There can be little doubt therefore of the goodness of the title under the provisos before mentioned, and how far a non compliance with the act for improving and saving lands would have an operation, considering the distracted state in which that country hath been, the hostile temper of the Indians, and their unwillingness to have these lands settled may be a matter of doubt.
Unwilling, however, to place mine upon a precarious footing, I did at great expense and risque send out servants bought at Baltimore and Slaves, and saved mine in the manner prescribed by law. So may those also who are now offering to sell, for aught I know to the contrary. Thus much, Sir, respecting the title to these lands, with regard to the quality of them, I have only to add, I believe it is good.
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I was not present at the survey of a single acre, but had a superficial view of the whole of them the year before they were surveyed, gave general directions to the surveyor respecting his conduct, and have reason to believe he Edition: current; Page: [ 8 ] included no land that was bad.
By the description of the lands offered to you, they must be part of a large tract of between 50 and 60, acres lying in the fork of the Ohio and great Kanhaway, patented if my memory serves me in the names of Muse, Stephen, Lewis, Hogg, West, and others, and afterwards divided among them according to their respective claims, or agreeable to some kind of compromise entered into by mutual consent. But this is a transaction of which I never had any official knowledge, and have come at by report only; nor do I know as hath been before observed in what manner, to whom, or with what accuracy, transfers have been made; but the title passed will discover this.
Of the validity of the original patent, I have not the smallest doubt. In the letter which I had the honor of addressing your Excellency the 6th instant I promised a state of facts to shew that every thing in my power has been done to give success to the Western expedition. I am sorry to find in the appeal which General Sullivan has made to Congress that he has misstated several particulars of importance, and that in providing for his own justification in case of misfortune, he has left the matter upon such a footing as to place me in a Edition: current; Page: [ 9 ] delicate situation.
In justice to myself I beg leave to make a few remarks on the different parts of his letter.
1911 The Wit and Humor of America Marshall P Wilder Volume X (10) Antique Book
The plan he proposed was to have two bodies, each superior to the whole force of the enemy to operate both on the Mohawk River, and by way of the Susquehannah—This Plan might have been desirable if the number of our troops, the state of our finances, and of supplies had permitted its execution, but it was impracticable on all these accounts. The force actually detached left the Army so weak that I am persuaded every officer of reflection in it, who knew our true circumstances was uneasy for the consequences; and if a larger force had gone, we should have been absolutely at the discretion of the enemy.
This will immediately appear from a recurrence to the Returns of the Army at that time.
Should we have endeavored to make up the deficiency from the Militia, our experience of the success of the applications which were made will convince us that the attempt would have been fruitless; to say nothing of the injury to agriculture which would have resulted from calling out so large a body of Militia.
But if the men could have been procured we should have failed in supplies. This is evident from what has happened. If we have met with so many difficulties, disappointments, and delays in providing for the Edition: current; Page: [ 10 ] present force, how would it have been possible to have provided for double the number?
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General Sullivan seemed to prefer the carrying on the principal operation by the Mohawk River. My reasons for preferring the other route are contained in the letter No. General Schuyler was originally of the same opinion, as appears by his letters No 1 and 2, but he changed it upon hearing the reasons in favor of the plan which has been adopted, as he acknowledges in his letter No. General Sullivan relinquishes the former plan himself on this principle, nor did the deficiency arise from the want of previous dispositions, but from the difficulties in procuring supplies.
It was my own idea at first, as will be seen by several letters herewith, to carry on the principal operation by the Mohawk, and directions were given very early to form Magazines for this purpose which it seems could not be executed. But if this obstacle had not Edition: current; Page: [ 11 ] existed, the reasons for penetrating by way of Susquehannah were then, and still are in my opinion, conclusive.
The information on which the facts stated in my letter to General Schuyler, were founded is, principally contained in the summary No. The experiment hitherto hath confirmed its truth. There are only four points on which his letters turn. One is the having two bodies of superior force to the whole strength of the Enemy to operate different ways. Another is, the force necessary to compose the main body,—This he estimates at three thousand—It will be seen by my letter No. He acknowledges that more Continental troops could not be spared—the Militia applied for were not furnished.
The next point is—a change in the route of the Troops under General Clinton. This he confesses happened as he desired; yet it would have been much against my judgment had his main body been so large as it was intended to be. I fear too, as matters have turned out, the most critical part of the expedition will be the junction of these two Corps. But it appears to me now from Genl. The last point is—a change of the Corps originally destined for the Expedition.
In this also he was indulged. The precise Corps he requested are with him; though I was not satisfied of the validity of his reason for desiring a change, as I believe very few more of the troops now with him have been accustomed to the Indian mode of fighting than of those who were first intended. I had two motives for fixing on the Pennsylvania troops: one was, that I should have been happy an officer of General St.
On the part of Genl. The papers contained in packet No. Besides what is upon record, my pressing and repeated entreaties were employed with the Quarter Master and Commissary General in personal conferences. My attention was so much directed to this Expedition that I suspended at a very critical period the necessary preparations for the main Army, to give the greater vigor and efficacy to those for that object.
The idea here held up is really extraordinary. My letter to General Schuyler No. This being men, the preparations were of course for that number. Schenectedy was afterwards made the depository by Genl. Clinton, as appears by his letter No. From the whole tenor of the correspondence on the subject, Congress will clearly perceive, that the Magazines which Genl. Sullivan ascribes to his care and caution were formed in consequence of orders given several months before he was nominated to the command, which did not take place till the 6th of March, by letter; and that they would have been equal to the supply of men had not the resources of the country fallen short.
https://liaspirorertrac.cf General Sullivan states his force at rank and file, which by a variety of deductions he afterwards reduced to which he holds up as his combatting force. I should be unwilling to overrate the means of any Edition: current; Page: [ 15 ] officer, or to create a greater responsibility than is just—But at the same time I think it a duty I owe to the public and myself to place a matter of this kind in a true point of light. If almost the whole of the 2, men are not effectually serviceable in action, it must be Genl.
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The number he mentions is only necessary for the sake of dispatch on a march; in time of action the horses and cattle may be committed to the care of a very few, and the rest may be at liberty to act as occasion requires. Should he even be attacked on a march those animals may be made a shelter, rather than an incumbrance—If the operations he is to be concerned in were the regular ones of the field, his calculation would be better founded; but in the loose irregular war he is to carry on, it will naturally lead to error and misconception.
General Sullivan makes no account of his Drummers and Fifers, and other appendages of an army who do not compose the fighting part of it—I have too good an opinion of his judgment not to believe he would find very useful employment for them. These and the few drivers and pack horsemen whom he acknowledges to have, will be nearly if not quite sufficient with a small guard to take care of his horses and cattle in time of action. But as I before observed, his real force will be less than it ought to be, to put him out of the reach of contingencies; but I hope with prudent management it will still suffice.
The estimate made by Genl. My chief solicitude is for Genl. Clinton, if he effects the meditated junction there will in my opinion be nothing to fear afterwards. General Sullivan also makes the application to the State of Pennsylvania a consequence of his letters.
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My letter No.